Sunday, 25 Feb 2018


17th February 2017: 14th February 2017: A historic day for transboundary Prespa

22 September 2016: The Juniper Forests captured the interest of the “students” of the two summer schools, implemented this summer in Prespa

13th September 2016: 100 wetlands and 7 countries in 1 afternoon – the 1st Pelican census covering all of SE Europe and Turkey

15 February 2016: Our life in a wetland! Primary school students from across the transboundary Prespa basin show us what the wetland looks like through their eyes

8 October 2015: Walk in the forests of Prespa with your phone aw a guide!

23 July 2015: United by pelicans

9 February 2015: "Karagiozis, the protector of Prespa!"

2 February 2015, World Wetlands Day: I'ts time for ratification of the Agreement on the transboundary Prespa Park

21 January 2015: Second Dalmatian pelican falls victim to illegal hunting in the Evros Delta

15 April 2014: The Society for the Protection of Prespa is the “Best of the Best” once again!

21 March 2014: The re-introduction of animal husbandry as a conservation measure for the Grecian juniper woods of Prespa

31 January 2014: Prespa Park: at the crossroads of sustainability

3 July 2013: The very first nationwide Pelican Census in Greece!

3 April 2013: Striving to enhance the natural values of the Prespa region, for biodiversity and people, through joint actions across borders

1 February 2013: Prespa Park 2000-2013: time to take new initiatives

10 December 2012: Manual for the protection of fish and fisheries in Prespa

9 October 2012: The thrilling journey of migration!

9 August 2012: Only Greece is now delaying implementation of the International Prespa Park Agreement

The cooperation of the countries of SE Europe is imperative for the protection of the pelicans

8 May 2012: Transboundary Prespa puts fish and fisheries centre stage

3 February 2012: The Society for the Protection of Prespa is celebrating World Wetlands Day with events in Thessaloniki and across the borders in Prespa

23 January 2012: Environmental organisations denounce out-of-control illegal hunting in the Prespa National Park

6 October 2011: With a seal of approval from the European Union, the International Agreement for the Prespa Park is now in the hands of the three states that share the Prespa basin

15 April 2011: Learn all you need to know about keeping the treasures of the lakes safe from harm

2 February 2011: Ratification of International Agreement for the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Prespa Park still pending one year after

21 May 2010: Prespes: An ecosystem that still resists

2 February 2010: The three countries and the European Commission commit to cooperate for the protection and the sustainable development of the Prespa Basin




Last Update

Friday 16 February 2018, 17:18

Restoration and enhance of the traditional watermill in Agios Germanos, Prespes Print E-mail

Initial restorations of the AG. Germanos Watermill were performed by the Society for the Protection of Prespa in 2001. Built in 1930, the Mill is a ground floor stone building with a wooden roof. It consists a complex with three main usages:

The flour mill

The flour mill works by converting the kinetic energy of water into the rotational motion of its various components. The momentum of the water forces a horizontal waterwheel to turn, together with a vertical spindle fixed at its centre. The spindle rotates the upper millstone, or ‘runner stone’, above the lower millstone, or ‘bed stone’, which is fixed in place; this motion finely grinds grain placed between the stones, transforming it into flour.

The Agios Germanos flour mill is an ‘eastern’ type of mill, a term applied to mills with an internal horizontal waterwheel.

The fulling tub

The fulling tub is a deep cone-shaped basin, made of planed wooden boards formed into narrow wedges and bound together with iron hoops, like barrels.

The churning motion caused by water entering the tub is used for washing and fulling woollen textiles such as woven carpets, the thick bedcovers known as ‘velentza’ and deep-piled rugs called ‘flokati’. The cloth tumbles around in the swirling water and becomes soft, plump and fluffy. To achieve this fulling effect without shrinking the cloth it is important to correctly calculate the washing time for each article.

The fulling tub is a ‘whirlpool’ type, with water jetting out horizontally from the spout of the flume in the wall.

The fulling mill

The fulling mill is a wooden mechanism used in the final stage of processing woven woollen textiles to close the threads together, tightening the weave and making the cloth more robust.

Moving water turns a vertical wooden waterwheel, which rotates a horizontal wooden shaft with four ‘teeth’, or tappets. As these revolve they push back four hammers, which are called stocks. When released, the full weight of each stock falls in turn on the cloth, pounding it in the process known as fulling.

These blows cause the threads of the cloth to move slightly and, together with the swelling effect of the water, this results in the fabric becoming more matted and tightly woven, as well as softer and more water-resistant.

The restoration project

The restoration project, aimed at making the traditional mill fully operational again with its three mechanisms functioning properly, as well as establishing an area for visitors where they will have the opportunity to obtain information about mills in general but also about the uses of Agios Germanos mill. At the same time, visitors can tour and observe the water system that gives life to the mill and also appreciate the harmony (or connection) that exists between the mill and this special natural and protected ecosystem provide by the water supply of the Agios Germanos river.

The re-construction of the watermill began in the summer of 2013 and was completed in the summer of 2015. The project cost €105.000 in total, sponsored by foundations of A.C Leventis and Stavros Niarchos. The project was under the supervision of the architects and engineers Angela Georganta and Achilleas Stoios, who were in charge for the design and construction.

Today, the Society for the Protection of Prespa is responsible for the operation of the watermill, and visits can be arranged upon request after calling. Tel: 2385051211. Monday to Friday, 9:00-17:00.


Date                                                            Opening Hours

Saturday, 3 Febrouary 2018               11:00-15:00

Saturday, 10 Febrouary 2018             11:00-15:00

Saturday, 17 Febrouary 2018             11:00-15:00

Sanday, 18 February 2018                 11:00-15:00

Monday, 19 February 2018                11:00-15:00

Saturday, 24 Febrouary 2018             11:00-15:00


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